Saffron in Iran (especially Ghaenat Saffron) has been cultivated for more than 3000 years. This colorful and priceless plant has no stem, but it has roots. It has been called “Red Gold” or “Desert Gold” since it grows in desert soil. To obtain one kilogram of dried saffron, we need 110000 to 170000 Crocus. Also, a worker must work for 40 hours in order to pick 150000 flowers (Crocus). Saffron has been used in food products, pharmaceutical and chemical industries due to its perfect color and flavor. Iran has the first place in the world in producing Saffron with the average production of 90 to 93 percent.